A Detailed Discussion on SDLC 5 Phases in 2022

by | Jul 23, 2022

Do you wish to create software for your own company or a client by using SDLC…?

Or what comes to mind when you hear “SDLC 5 Phases”? Any clues…?

Don’t let your head boil over; and study this article attentively.

First, it is important to comprehend the SDLC.

Secondly, we will learn,” what are the SDLC’s 5 phases”?

Finally, why is SDLC necessary, and how does it work?

So, let’s begin with a quick overview of the SDLC.

What Is Software Development Life Cycle(SDLC)?

The phrase “Software Development Life Cycle” (SDLC) is a standard corporate term. This terminology is used throughout computer engineering, systems technology, and software engineering. 

Moreover, it helps to explain the method of designing, developing, testing, as well as deploying an informational system.

The SDLC, or Software Development Life Cycle, is a process for creating high-quality, reduced cost software in the shortest period of time possible.

SDLC is a well-organized series of stages that allows a corporation to quickly generate elevated software which has been properly tested and therefore is fully functional.

The waterfall, Agile, and spiral models are all popular SDLC models.

If you want to learn in serial about SDLC models, so read also Software development life cycle models.

Origin of SDLC

In the 1960s, SDLC was known as the “systems development lifecycle.” The National Computing Centre of the United Kingdom devised this basic SDLC model in the late 1960s, which was reported in 1971 by A. Daniels with D.A. 

Large firms established the concept to better manage complicated business processes. 

However, that requires a great deal of processing and analysing, as Geoffrey Elliott discusses in the book, “Global Business Information Technology”.

SDLC 5 phases

Overview of SDLC 5 Phases

To get the final result, each phase comprises a set of events or stages that must be performed. It is divided into five stages:

Phase 1:  “The Planning” 

  • Identifying the issue
  • Establishing project goals
  • Considering the limitations
  • Proposing project ideas
  • Putting in place control mechanisms

For instance, a consumer could request an application that handles financial transactions. In this scenario, the requirements must be specific, such as what sort of transaction will be conducted, how they will be conducted, and what currency they will be conducted.

After gathering requirements, an analysis is conducted to determine the viability of developing a product. In any uncertainty, a conference call is scheduled for additional discussion.

The SRS (Software Need Specification) document is prepared once the requirements are well understood. The developers should properly understand this document, and the customer should examine it for future reference.

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Phase 2: “The Analysis”

  • Putting together the project team
  • Assessing the information requirements
  • Identification and assessment of information sources Identification and description of details types required to analyze the system
  • Problem areas in the existing system are identified and described.
  • System modelling techniques were used to record information flow and requirements.
  • Problem areas in the existing system are identified and described.
  • Defining the performance of the system
  • Putting together a design proposal

Phase 3: “The Design” 

  • Factors to consider while creating output specifications
  • Factors to think about while creating input requirements
  • Processor specifications
  • Other system configurations are being evaluated.
  • Choose the most appropriate arrangement.
  • Prepare a proposal for implementation.

Phase 4: “The Implementation”

  • Organizing and publicizing the rollout
  • Purchase of new equipment (both H/W as well as S/W)
  • Getting the physical infrastructure ready
  • Users’ education
  • Creating a timeline for implementation
  • The new proposed regime is actively being implemented.

Phase 5: “The Use”

  • Making use of the system
  • Performing system audits
  • Keeping the system running
  • Proposals for reengineering

Detail Discussion on SDLC

The process will run smoothly, efficiently, and productively if the standard procedures and/or Phases of SDLC are followed.

1. Identify and Plan For Current Issues

The narrator asks, “How are the current difficulties?” Clients, sales reps, industry professionals, and developers are all asked to take part throughout the SDLC stage. To maintain the overall system, understand its advantages and flaws.

“How would we determine what people want?” says the narrator.

At this stage of the SDLC, the team of experts assesses the costs of completing the investigated targets.

It also lays out the potential risks, and also particular plans for minimising certain issues.

To put it some other way, management staff must assess the project’s viability and figure out how to carry it out effectively while minimising danger.

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2. The Analysis 

The analysis primarily focuses on a process’s important protocols.

At this stage of the SDLC, the Designed Description is developed by transforming the functionality of the software into something like a proposed design.

All stakeholders are asked to evaluate the strategy as well as provide feedback and suggestions. It’s crucial to have a plan in place for collecting and incorporating stakeholder comments into such a document containing. Failing at this time will almost certainly be expensive at its greatest, and the program’s eventual disintegration at its worst.

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3. Designing of the Plan

“Let’s create whatever we want.”

At about this moment, actual development starts. Every developer is responsible for sticking to the agreed timeline.

Also, make sure you’re using the appropriate coding standard and following best practices.

Specify a filename semantics or a parameter name format, like camelCase, for instance.

This would help your organization write more structured and comprehensive code that would be simple to interpret and evaluate in the next cycle.

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4. Implementation–Run a Code Test

“Did we get everything we wanted?” says the narrator. At this point, we take a close look at any flaws that need to be addressed. We fix such defects till the Product meets the original specifications.

In a word, we’re checking to determine if the code adheres to the group of instructions.

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5. Software Deployment

“Let’s get to operate with the resources we have.”

The goal is to get the programme into a production setting so that clients can start using it right away. Many businesses, on the contrary hand, choose to transfer the Product via several deployment settings, such as development or staging.

This allows all stakeholders to securely try the Product prior to releasing it to the general market. Additionally, any final flaws in the products may be found before it is delivered.

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Maintenance of Software—an Option

“Let’s bring this closer to what we’re looking for.” When a plan meets reality, it nearly never works out perfectly. 

Furthermore, if real-world situations change, we must update and enhance the software to keep up.

In certain aspects, the DevOps movement has altered the SDLC. Developers are now in charge of an increasing number of processes in the development cycle. Shifting left has also shown to be beneficial. 

When development and operations teams utilize the same toolset to measure performance and pinpoint faults from the beginning to the end of an application’s lifecycle, it creates a shared language and facilitates team handoffs.

Software for application performance analysis can be utilised in the development, quality assurance, and production environments. This ensures that everyone uses the same toolset throughout the development process.

In the SDLC, Security Plays an Important Role

Security activities were only addressed as a distinct and single work, undertaken as part of the testing phase when the SDLC was first conceived and created.

The disadvantages of this after-the-fact technique were the invariably large number of risks or flaws identified too late in the process or not detected at all in certain circumstances. 

Security is now widely recognized as crucial to a successful SDLC, and incorporating security operations across the SDLC aids in the development of more dependable software. 

Vulnerabilities are detected and mitigated sooner in the SDLC by adding security practices and procedures earlier in the process. This reduces total time and costs later in the life cycle.

This notion of ‘baking-in’ security creates a ‘Secure SDLC,’ a well-known and frequently used concept in the software industry these days. Experts are required to conduct security evaluations and procedures across ALL stages of software development resulting in a safe SDLC.

It is simple to incorporate security across the SDLC using contemporary security testing technologies. 

Security assurance tasks like penetration testing, threat modelling, code review, and architectural analysis must be integrated into development processes in accordance with the secure SDLC’s idea.

The Key Benefits of Implementing a Secure SDLC Strategy Are as Follows:

  • As security is always a problem, more secure software is needed.
  • Stakeholders are concerned about security issues.
  • Early identification and resolution of system faults Save money by detecting and resolving issues early.
  • Eventually, the organization’s underlying business risks are reduced.

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SDLC Related Typical Errors and Issues

Several hazards might jeopardise an SDLC deployment. The most critical issue is the inability to effectively account for and meet customer and stakeholder demands in the procedure. This leads to a misinterpretation of system requirements and, inevitably, dissatisfaction with the final output.

Furthermore, the SDLC’s complexity frequently leads to project derailment or teams losing sight of specifications and needs. A project might easily miss the point if all components of the criteria and design plans are not strictly followed.

The SDLC and the Future

Organisations are shifting away from outdated SDLC models as they adopt quicker and fresher development life cycles (waterfall, for example).

Automation has become increasingly important as speed and strength in the development process have grown.

As the borders between various teams dissolve in favour of a simplified and coordinated approach to development, planning and operations combine into a DevOps capability.

DevOps, a collection of ideas and practices that improve an organisation’s capacity to deploy applications quickly, is a newer perspective on the SDLC. 

As the SDLC methodologies change further towards a DevOps SDLC, the function of security must also be considered. 

Security is no longer considered a discrete and segregated stage in the SDLC; instead, security is now viewed as a crucial component across the SDLC to ensure secure software is developed at the pace of DevOps.

Organisations will undoubtedly embrace not only a DevOps strategy to their SDLC in the next few years but a more advanced DevOps methodology, where security is baked into the whole SDLC. 

An enterprise must be smart in picking tools that support and improve this modern programming approach to ensure success. An established leader in application security has a complete array of solutions and services well suited to this endeavour.

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Software Risk Analysis Primary Problems

Different leaders and project owners describe that risk management and analysing are important aspects that should be understood before planning any programming.

When it comes to risk management, the main issue is that most individuals don’t follow a systematic and consistent strategy. Attempting to control risks after they have occurred is a common mistake made by software development businesses.

In Agile teams, you must continually manage risks, identify new risks/threats at the start of each sprint, build risk management strategies, and allocate resources. (That is, regardless of how well or poorly the firm appears to be doing, you must handle the potential risks.)

Because every person on the Agile team has a piece of information that might identify potential project hazards, you must include the whole Agile group in the risk management process.

This is an excellent chance to find issues that could otherwise go unnoticed.

The newsprint begins with identifying objectives and any potential issues that may arise.

You’ll need to answer the following questions:

What is the nature of the task?

What could go wrong?

What are the main causes of risk? 

For example, issues with customer communication, issues with insufficient requirement definitions, issues with third-party services, or issues with external factors (for example, COVID-19 related problems). 

On a routine basis, the list of specific risks must be reviewed.

Risk management strategies are added to the sprint plan when the risks have been recognized.

What measures should you undertake, for example, if you discovered a risk involving discrepancies on both the front and back ends of the system? 

You must explicitly describe APIs and create a related document, add the work to your sprint to be visible to your team, and decide who participates in the risk management process.

How Can SDLC experts Assist You?

As previously stated, security is crucial to the SDLC. They allow you to integrate security testing into an existing development cycle, simplifying security throughout the whole SDLC. 

Expert planning lets you manage security and quality risks across the program life cycle, all through your enterprise.

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Who Makes Use of the SDLC?

Watt S. Humphrey, renowned as the “Father of Software Quality,” once said, “Every firm is a software business.”

Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella recently reiterated the phrase, saying, “Every firm is a software company.”

Of course, we may name several specific software development businesses. If there’s an app, it was created by someone.

However, businesses that aren’t “in software” depend on software and technology to run their operations (which is to say, all of them). 

These businesses will need to use at least some off-the-shelf software, which they will most likely change to match and optimise their company procedures.

That is why developers and engineers should understand the SDLC technique. Numerous stakeholders may be involved at different levels. 

The SDLC may also be used by cross-functional professional teams to collaborate not only on Agile but also on DevOps projects. The software development process may be improved using contemporary SDLC methods and frameworks.

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So, Who Is a Fan of the SDLC? To Put It Another Way, Everyone.

The SDLC, when done correctly, may provide the highest level of administrative control, including documentation. Developers know how much they should develop plus whether they should build it. 

All parties have agreed on the end goal upfront and see a clear path to get there. Everyone seems to be aware of the costs plus resources involved.

Several issues might convert an SDLC implementation into a barrier to development rather than a tool that aids us. 

Failure to consider the requirements of consumers, all users, and all stakeholders from the start, can lead to a misunderstanding of the system requirements. 

SDLC’s advantages are only realised if the plan is implemented to the letter.

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The SDLC Way of Process

SDLC reduces the expense of software development while both enhancing quality and speeding up the production process. 

SDLC accomplishes these seemingly disparate objectives by adopting a strategy that avoids the common hazards of software development programs. This technique starts with a thorough examination of existing systems for faults.

It then describes the new system’s needs. It then goes through analysis, planning, design, programming, testing, and deployment to build the software. 

SLDC may avoid unnecessary rework and after-the-fact corrections by predicting costly mistakes like forgetting to ask the end-user or customer for input.

It’s also vital to note that the testing phase receives much attention. 

Because the SDLC is a repeatable process, you must maintain code quality at all times.

Many companies put little effort into testing, even though a higher focus on testing might save customers a lot of revision time, including money. Write the correct sorts of tests, and you’ll be OK.

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System Analyst’s Involvement in SDLC Phases

In some aspects, the system analyst for an SDLC is indeed a process overseer.  They should have a thorough understanding of the technology and all of its moving pieces, and they should be able to steer the project by providing suitable instructions.

The system analyst must be able to do the following:

  • A specialist in whatever technological abilities that the project requires
  • To lead his or her team to success, he or she must be an excellent communicator.
  • A good planner is necessary to ensure that development activities are completed on time at each stage of the development cycle.
  • As a result, systems analysts should possess a balanced set of interpersonal, technical, managerial, and analytical abilities.
  • They’re highly experienced professionals that have the ability to create or break an SDLC.
  • Their tasks are wide-ranging and critical to a project’s final success. 

Many times, systems analysts will be asked to:

  1. Collect information and facts

Make judgments about which bugs to prioritise and which features to eliminate at the command level.

  1. Alternative options should be suggested.

Create specifications that are simple for both users as well as programmers to understand.

  1. Ability to assess and adapt the resultant system in accordance with project aims
  2. By identifying and understanding user needs, you may assist in the planning of the project’s tasks and objectives.

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Conclusion

The Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) is a method for creating strong and secure software that follows a set of well-defined steps. The SDLC technique concentrates on the phases of software development as follows:

  • Requirement analysis
  • Planning
  • Software design such as architectural design
  • Software development
  • Testing
  • Deployment

This post will describe how the SDLC works, go over each phase in further detail, and present examples to help you grasp each process.

The Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) describes the many stages of a software cycle and the framework in which they are carried out. Each step’s output is used in the following stage of the software development life cycle. 

Requirements are transformed into designs, which are then utilized to create code. The testing stage verifies the implementation stage’s outcomes by comparing them to the requirements.

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FAQs

What is the primary goal of SDLC?

The goal of the SDLC is to create a high-quality product that meets the needs of the client. Requirement collecting, design, coding, reviewing, and maintaining are the phases of the SDLC. To supply the Product in an organized manner, it is critical to stick to the stages.

How does the SDLC benefit the business?

SDLC reduces the project cost of software development while enhancing the quality and speeding up the production process. It then goes through analysis, planning, design, programming, testing, and deployment to build the software.

Which software model is the most effective?

The Top 6 Models for Development of software.
Waterfall…
Agile. …
Feature-Driven Development. …
Extreme Programming (XP) …
Scrum. …
Lean.

Is QA part of the SDLC?

Software Quality Assurance (SQA) is an ongoing cycle in the software development life cycle (SDLC) that verifies that the software produced meets the specified quality criteria… Quality assurance of performance plus source code and analysis procedure is all part of the package.

What role does a stakeholder play in the SDLC?

The stakeholder’s engagement is most visible and crucial throughout the standards development process. Stakeholders are the most knowledgeable about the mechanisms involved, and their involvement is critical to the success of your project. The stakeholders can keep active in the project for the rest of it if they use the requirements.

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