A Detailed Guide to the Types of Software in 2022

by | Jul 23, 2022

Most of us know how technology and digital media has slowly entered our lives, and we are dependent on them now. Beginning with the bit of computer software in our lives, we now have various computer applications used every day.

To know how this works, you should be familiar with what computer software is, the types of software, its benefits, and why businesses need software. This blog will discuss all these things in detail. So, let’s get into it.

What is Software?

Software is a computer program that gives instructions to perform a user’s commands. 

Some instances of using computer software are checking the weather on your laptop or phone, opening a message on WhatsApp, creating a spreadsheet, or joining a Zoom Call.

If you ask a computer program about the definition of software, it would be more complicated than just this, but this is the easiest way to explain what computer software is.

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Types of Software

Different Types of Computer Software

System software and Application software are the two different types of software that are commonly used.

1- System Software 

A system software is the ability of a user and its hardware to perform and engage. It is, in essence, software that controls the behavior of computer hardware in order to give primary functions to the user.

In layman’s terms, system software acts as a link between the hardware and the consumer. These computer programs establish a platform or environment where other software can operate.

Upon turning on a computer for the first time, it loads its operating system software into its memory. End-users are unaware of the system software because it is used in the background.

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Here are examples of system software:

Operating System

An operating system manages resources and provides generic services for other software that are used on top of them.

It is a well-known example of system software. Embedded, real-time, distributed, single-user, multi-user, mobile, internet, and some more of these exist.

Full-stack web development services develop apps for mobile operating systems such as Android and iOS. 

Here are some key examples of a disk operating system: Mac OS, Unix, Android, MS Windows, CentOS, iOS, Linux, and Ubuntu.

Devices Drivers

It is a type of software that manages the hardware that’s connected to the computer system. Displays, sound cards, mice, and hard discs are hardware devices requiring a driver to connect to a computer system.

Moreover, these drivers are split into two types that are known as kernel and user device drivers. Device drivers include ROM drivers, Printer drivers, BIOS drivers, and Motherboard drivers, to name a few.

Firmware

Firmware is a software that is stored in read-only memory forever. It is a set of guidelines that are stored on a piece of hardware.

It consists of vital information on how desktop computers or mobile devices interact with other devices. Firmware is called “semi-permanent” since it remains unchanged unless updated by using its updater.

Consumer Applications, UEFI, BIOS, Embedded Systems, and Computer Peripherals are all firmware instances.

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Utility

Utility software is created to help in analyzing, optimizing, configuring, and maintaining a computer system. It contains vital information on how the device interacts with other devices.

Before choosing a course of action to enhance the performance of an operating system, this software analyzes how does the software work. Antivirus software, disc cleansing and management, defragmenters, and other software are all examples of this software.

Examples of utility software are Opus, Piriform Ccleaner, WinRAR, Razer Cortex, Avast Antivirus, and McAfee Antivirus.

2- Applications Software 

They’re also known as end-user applications. They help users conduct internet research, take notes, produce images, keep track of accounts, perform computations, and even play computer games.

You can use these by the end-user as they have specific functions or tasks that they need to accomplish. These programs are frequently created through custom software development, which is tailored to the customers’ needs.

Application software is available in a wide range, unlike system software.  Here are a few examples:

Word Processors

Word Processors are documentation applications. It also makes storing, printing, and formatting these papers easier.

Word processing software includes Corel WordPerfect, MS Word, and Google Docs, to name a few.

Databases Software

This program allows you to produce and run databases. This software has another name which is Database Management System. They assist with data organizing.

FileMaker, MySQL, FoxPro, and dBase are examples of database management systems.

Multimedia Software

Photo, audio, and video files can be played, created, and recorded using multimedia software They are used for picture or video editing, and graphics, among other things.

VLC Media Player, Adobe Photoshop, Media Monkey, Inkscape, and Picasa are some examples of multimedia software programs.

Graphics Software

Graphics Software was created to do tasks related to graphics since it allows the consumer to modify or update visual images or any other data. Photo editors and Sketching applications are included in this type.

Here are a few examples: Adobe Photoshop, Modo, CorelDRAW, PaintShop Pro, Autodesk Maya, and Carrara are just a few examples.

Web Browsers

You use these apps to surf the net. They assist users to locate and access info on the internet. Web browsers include Google Chrome, Opera, Microsoft Edge, UC Browser, Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, and Safari.

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Types of Software

What are The Benefits of Using Software?

Following are all the benefits of using a Software.

1- Easier Decision Making 

Getting one full view by merging your software systems makes the decision-making process easy. It eliminates the need to move between separate applications to get to data that may be affecting your decisions. 

2- More Productivity

Integrating applications that utilize the exact data sources will let you enhance the productivity of your operations. This is specifically relevant in the areas where the exact data is used a few times in separate software systems.

With one area to enter your data and no requirement of switching between various application software, the process is easier and quicker. 

3- Reliable Data  

Merging and connecting your software systems lessens the risk of using incorrect data. A single area will let your business work from a single perspective and remove any conflicting data values.

4- Improved Analysis 

Relatable data is more valuable and vital when used together in a single application. Analyzing various data sources can be handled easily by merging the data where you can get trends and conclusions immediately.

5- Better Data Security 

Being the security manager of your data in one computer system software application is better and more convenient than being a data manager of multiple systems. By merging the file management tools, administration, and backup, work is more accessible.

6- Improved Customer Service 

The capability to get customer information faster and conveniently is essential for maintaining a great relationship; merging your CRM and CTI software will allow you to assist your customers in a better way.

7- More Sales Potential 

Merging computer systems that smoothen any element of your sales process and enhance your order fulfillment rate will positively affect your final sales potential.

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Types of Software

Why do Businesses Require Application Software?

Application software is a type of software that can automate various procedures that are complicated and time-consuming if done manually.

Application software helps save a lot of time and money by completing various tasks in just a few minutes. Otherwise, businesses would have to hire multiple employees for those tasks.

Picking the correct application software can be helpful for the growth of the company by leaps and bounds.

The use of the application software is essential for automating the tasks of an organization and reporting the lags and the progress in the organization’s activities. This helps improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the organization’s activities.

The Application Software lessens the workload by automating the activities. It also helps remove any human errors, improving the consistency and effectiveness of tasks.

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Five Additional Different Types Of Software That You Might Be Familiar With

Now that we are done discussing the types of software, you must be wondering about the softwares that is used mostly. Such as, Social Media Applications like Instagram and Whatsapp or Photo Editing Apps like Snapseed and Lightroom. You must be wondering what category these apps belong to. Can they be classified as a broad category of an Application software or can it be described in a better way? The answer to this is yes. Other than the major softwares, there are some subcategories of software as well.

Let’s talk about the five subcategories of software and the examples of the most known softwares in these categories.

These are:

  • Closed Source Software
  • Open Source Software
  • Shareware
  • Freeware
  • Utility Software

Closed Source Software

Closed Source Softwares are not accessible to the programmers. The source code is the cognitive property of publishers. It is also known as proprietary software, as only the real owners can copy, fix, and share it. Some of the common examples of a closed-source software include:

  • Java
  • MS Office
  • Android
  • PhotoShop

Open Source Software

Open-source software comes with an open-source code that everyone can use. It can be altered and shared with anyone, no matter the purpose. Some of the common examples of open-source software include:

  • PHP
  • LibreOffice
  • GIMP

Shareware

Shareware is software apps that are paid but have a free trial period for the user to test. You can use it without any cost during the trial, but you will have to buy the software after the trial ends. Shareware lets you test the software before you purchase it. Some common examples of shareware include:

  • Netflix
  • Adobe Illustrator
  • MS Office
  • Amazon Prime
  • Matlab

Freeware

Freeware software is the ones that are free to use. They can be installed from the internet free of cost and can be used by anyone and everyone. Some common examples of freeware software are:

  • Snapchat
  • Facebook
  • Youtube
  • Google Chrome
  • Instagram

Even though they all come under the end-user software category or can be called Apps, they can be known as freeware software and free for you to use.

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Utility Software

Utility software is a subgroup of system software. They are responsible for managing your application software’s performance to ensure they work well. Some features of utility software are:

  • Disk Cleaner
  • Data Backup Software
  • Antivirus Software
  • Security Software
  • File Compressor

Final Words

Software is not only used for checking funny filters or learning some dance moves. It can be helpful for your team in increasing efficiency and getting more productive and capable in their tasks.

Understanding the different types of software can help identify which type could best serve your company and even you. We hope you found our article helpful. 

If you want to get UI/UX services from our team, Contact us.

FAQs

What are the five examples of software?

Here are the five examples of commonly used software:

1) Microsoft Word.
2) Email Clients.
3) Multimedia Software.
4) Web Browser Software.
5) Spreadsheet Software.

What is a software device?

Software Device means any device by which computer software and the images associated with it, with or without any sound, can be recorded or embodied for later use.

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